By Bernice Glatzer-Rosenthal, Martha Bohachevsky-Chomiak
The non secular revival that's sweeping the Soviet Union this day had its genesis within the spiritual renaissance of the early twentieth century. In either instances, it was once lay intellectuals, disillusioned with simplistic positivism and materialism, who tailored Russian orthodoxy to trendy existence. Their principles reverberated, not just in faith and philosophy, yet in paintings, literature, portray, theater and picture. Banned through the Soviet govt in 1922, the writings of the non secular renaissance have been rediscovered within the Brezhnev period by way of a brand new iteration of Soviet intellectuals disenchanted with Marxism. Circulating from hand handy in unlawful typewritten versions (samizdat), they exerted an evergrowing impression on Soviet society, from the very most sensible right down to traditional humans. lower than the recent coverage of glasnost, the govt. itself is at the moment reprinting their works. the decisions incorporated during this quantity mirror the profundity and breadth in their notion and are provided in English for the 1st time. the popularity of the common desire and importance of non secular values and beliefs united this in a different way heterogeneous workforce and bears witness to the range in their method of the elemental problems with the human . The centrality of those lay intellectuals' issues transcends the specifics of the historic scenario in early twentieth century Russia and makes their writings suitable to the common human situation. so as of visual appeal, the decisions are: VLADIMIR SOLOVYOV, The Enemy from the East, The Russian nationwide excellent; NIKOLAI GROT, at the precise projects of Philosophy; SERGEI DIAGHILEV, advanced Questions; VASILLY V. ROZANOV, On Sweetest Jesus and the sour culmination of the area; NIKOLAI BERDIAEV, Socialism as faith; SERGEI BULGAKOV, An pressing activity; VIACHISLAV IVANOV, main issue of Individualism, GEORGII CHULKOV, On Mystical Anarchism; DMITRI S. MEREZHKOVSKY, Revolution and faith, The Jewish query As a Russian query; GEORGII FLOROVSKY, on this planet of Quests and Wanderings; PAVEL NOVGORODTSEV, The Essence of the Russian Orthodox attention; PETR STRUVE, The Intelligentsia and the nationwide Face; ANDREI BELY, Revolution and tradition; ALEKSANDR BLOK, Catiline; EVGENY TRUBETSKOI, The Bolshevist Utopia and the spiritual flow.
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Extra info for A Revolution of the Spirit: Crisis of Value in Russia, 1890-1924
Like the Slavophiles, Solovyov believed that Western Europe placed too much emphasis on reason and thus omitted other sources of knowledge, and slighted the emotional and spiritual aspects of the human experience. He criticized the Russian intelligentsia as having shallowly assimilated all that was one-sided in Europe, calling them a class of empty heads with pretensions to intellectual status, while they mechanically only repeat all the current phrases. On Sunday, November 24, 1874, during the public defense of his master's essay, at the University of St.
Lossky, Sergei N. Bulgakov, Nikolai A. Berdiaev, Aleksandr A. Bogdanov, Vasilly V. Rozanov, and Nikolai F. Fyodorov, in a series devoted to Russian philosophers scheduled to begin in 1989. According to the announcement thirty-five to forty volumes will be published in the next three to four years. Disillusion with Marxism has led to a tremendous interest in religion. Two conferences on the millennium of Christianity in Rus' have been held in the Soviet Union, and Soviet scholars have attended Western conferences on the topic, including those held at the Kennan Institute and the University of California at Berkeley in May 1988.
He stressed the inevitability of moral choice: amorality was possible only for animals. Only man had the freedom to be good or to be immoral. The consciousness of good and evil was inherent in mankind and not dependent on religious upbringing, Solovyov maintained. Progress was based on moral freedom, which could be gained only by laborious and slow experience. Solovyov considered that the major malaise of the educated, the alienation of the individual from society, was the result of the faulty perception of the educated, not the reflection of reality.
A Revolution of the Spirit: Crisis of Value in Russia, 1890-1924 by Bernice Glatzer-Rosenthal, Martha Bohachevsky-Chomiak